The system analysis of «smart objects» concepts of the urban environment in the conditions of information and communication technologies development

2017. 1, pp. 24-38

Brumshteyn Yu.M. - Ph.D. (Engineering), Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University, 20a Tatishchev St., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation,

Gayfitdinova V.Yu. - student, Astrakhan State University, 20a Tatishchev St., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation,

From positions of various groups of legal entities and physical persons are analyzed the management purposes for the city «territory in general» and for various categories of the objects, placed in this territory. In article are researched the possible optimality criterions and restrictions, used for decisions acceptance/implementation. Authors are proved the directions of information and communication technologies influence at the development of methods of such decisions acceptance and implementation, including decisions, concerned with «smart» objects creation and usage. The features of terminology and the main «smart» objects categories, considered in the literature, are characterized. In article are shown functional shortcomings of the existing concepts for different «smart» objects types, and also incompleteness of set of these concepts, concerning the city. With respect thereto is proved the usage rationality for the original hierarchical classification for set of «smart» objects at the city territory. For each of the allocated 8 hierarchical levels of objects it is analyzed in detail the structure/nomenclature of the typical «smart» objects, their features, interrelation with other objects of the same and other hierarchical levels. In the article is researched general questions of receipt for information, necessary for «smart» objects management; source selection for such information; technologies of its obtaining; this information usage for decisions acceptance and implementation. The special attention is given to the role of the person(s) in contours (management systems) of «smart» objects, including being on various hierarchical levels.

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